Age and infertility
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In recent years, the percentage of women around the age of 40 who want to have a child has grown. Some women trying to get pregnant after the age of 40 do so without any problems.
The probability of having a baby decreases by 3-5% per year after the age of 30 and much faster after 40 years.
Unfortunately, as women get older they have a higher chance of analyzing sperm, the basal level of FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) for determining the ovarian reserve and hysterosalpingogram (HSG) to analyze the degree of permeability of the tubes.
The impact of advanced age on fertility
As the eggs age, the chances of developing a chromosomal abnormality increase.
A fertilized egg with chromosomal abnormalities is the most common cause of miscarriage. A woman around the age of 20 has a 12-15% chance of miscarriage whenever she becomes pregnant, while at the age of 40 this chance increases to 50%. Thus, the chances of miscarriage are higher for older women.
FSH levels tend to increase, as eggs are less and less able to generate a pregnancy. Women who have undergone menopause have very high levels of FSH and are not able to become pregnant with their own eggs. Increased levels of FSH also occur in women with poor eggs.
Decreased fertility associated with age includes changes in FSH levels, irregular menstrual cycles, climatic symptoms and a small number of responsive follicles. Women who have a level of FSH slightly above normal value are considered to be at the "limit", while those who have levels well above the normal value have an extremely low chance of becoming pregnant and carrying the pregnancy to term. For the measurement to be valid, the concentration must be evaluated estradiol, this cannot be greater than 50 pg / ml.
Many doctors use medicines to increase the chances of a woman becoming pregnant. The drugs used for fertility increase the number of eggs that develop in a given month and increase the chances of at least one of them being fertilized. Although these drugs offer some chance, success rates are very low.
One method of increased success rate in women with high levels of FSH is egg donation.
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