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Risk of sun exposure during pregnancy

Risk of sun exposure during pregnancy



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Exposure to the sun during pregnancy can subject you, as well as the baby in the tummy, to quite high risks.


The specific heat of the summer will be exaggerated by the discomfort caused by hormonal fluctuations, extra kilos and other conditions related to pregnancy. In addition, excessive heat can be harmful to you and your baby, if you overheat, dehydrate or become hypertensive.

The first signs of dehydration include:

• red face;
• warm skin on the touch;
• rapid breathing;
• non-existent;
• thirst sensation;
• dry or cracked lips;
• fatigue;
• constipation.

You may also notice that the baby is less active than usual.

If you notice any of these symptoms, go to a cooler place, sit down and drink cold water or fruit juice. If you feel dizzy, lie on your left side and put cold water on your forehead and neck.

Dehydration is all the more dangerous when you are pregnant because it can cause the baby's heart to beat very quickly and thus increase the risk of preterm birth. The chances of preterm birth increase as dehydration decreases blood volume, which increases the concentration of oxytocin, the hormone responsible for uterine contractions.

Hyperthermia is the generic name given to conditions related to sun and heat, including muscle cramps caused by sun, sun and overheating. Hyperthermia is also associated with several birth defects of the fetus, including heart problems, abdominal wall defects, and malformations of the nervous system.

Sun cramps are the easiest form of heat-related illnesses and are a sign that your body is stressed due to the high temperature. Excessive perspiration results in large numbers of electrolytes being lost, which causes muscle cramps. If you feel you have muscle cramps from the heat, treat them as warning signs for more serious conditions that can occur if you do not act quickly.

Overheating is a more serious and complex form that can result from prolonged exposure to high temperatures, reduced fluid consumption or difficulty in the body to cool down.

Signs of overheating:

• cold, pale and moist skin;
• rapid pulse, low blood pressure;
• non-existent;
• confusion;
• dizziness;
• headache;
• vomiting;
• quick and shallow breathing;
• lethargy.

Overheating can become very fast, a very serious condition that can endanger your life and that of your baby. The insolation should be treated from the first symptoms.

This, like overheating, is caused by prolonged exposure to high temperatures, reduced fluid consumption, or a difficulty in regulating your body's temperature. The impact on the body is much greater than in the case of overheating. If you get sunburn, your body temperature can reach up to 40 degrees or more.

Symptoms of insolation:

• fever of 40 degrees Celsius or more;
• confusion;
• strange behavior;
• bully;
• sensation of fainting;
• accelerated pulse (160-180 beats per minute);
• dry and red skin, without perspiration;
• unconsciousness;
• convulsions.

If you have any of the following symptoms, notify your doctor immediately:

• more than five contractions or cramps per hour;
• light red vaginal bleeding;
• acute or continuous vomiting;
• deaf pain starting from the neck;
• intense pelvic pressure.

How to avoid the sun

To avoid sunburn and overheating in the summer and to protect your baby, drink at least 8-10 glasses of water a day. Eat light foods, lots of fresh fruits and vegetables. Avoid cooking on the stove or in the oven.

Spend as much time in spaces that have air conditioning and do not go out between 10am and 5pm. Choose wide, light clothes, in light colors and wear a hat when you go outside. Always use sunscreen lotions to protect you from burns. You can take showers, but not very cold, or, if you can, a bath in the pool.

Bronze in pregnancy

As I said, sun exposure in the summer is very dangerous for a pregnant woman and her baby, and the beach is part of this category. Plots are also excluded by specialists, because no studies have been done yet to prove whether they are safe or not for pregnant women.

The only apparent solution would be self-tanning creams. The problem is that there are certain harmful substances that are absorbed into the skin when the cream is applied. Through the skin, the substances will also pass through the placenta and then to the fetus. For this reason, although there are no studies that prove the toxicity or risk of lotions on the fetus, the specialists do not recommend self-tanning creams used in pregnancy.

"My doctor forbade me to stay in the sun, considering that I stay in Constanta, only walks on the beach after 7 or 8 in the evening, when it cools down and even when I am dressed in a coat that covers my tummy. " - Lucia

Tags Exposure sun pregnancy