Spastic dysplasia in babies
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Spastic dyslexia is a type of cerebral palsy characterized by motor disability located especially in the lower limbs. It is an anomaly that occurs frequently after birth, especially in children born prematurely or who have experienced complications at birth (hypoxia).
What are the causes of spastic dysplasia?
This condition is caused by a lesion of the cerebral cortex, the outer layer of the brain. Spastic dysplasia is the most common form of cerebral palsy.
Specialists believe that the main causes of this condition are infections or trauma to which the baby was exposed in the mother's womb. If you have had an infection in the first 20 weeks of pregnancy, the chances of giving birth to a child with spastic dysplasia increase. Doctors claim that the fault is the growth of the cells of the immune system that is caused by the infection. These excessively developed cells can cause damage to the child's nervous system.
Pregnant women with seizures, thyroid problems or mental retardation are more likely to give birth to children with such a form of cerebral palsy.
And the difference in blood group between pregnant and baby can be a cause of cerebral palsy. In such cases, the pregnant immune system produces important antibodies to the baby's blood cells - a condition known as Rh incompatibility.
What types of spastic diplegia?
There are 3 forms of spastic dysplasia:
- easy - the little ones can go after 3-4 years;
- the average - those with pathological walking - cannot go alone and need support;
- severe - permanent paralysis - the child never manages to walk.
What are the symptoms?
There are several signs of spastic dysplasia, but they differ from child to child depending on the severity of the disease. However, there are some common characteristics:
- muscular hypertonia (permanent tightening of the muscle tone - it can affect both the upper and lower parts of the body - especially the legs);
- muscle spasms difficult to control;
- epileptic seizures;
- feeding difficulties;
- joint rigidity;
- speech and movement difficulties;
- muscle spasms;
- delays in development.
If you notice that your baby shows some of these symptoms, you should go to the doctor urgently. Specialists will perform further investigations - MRI (magnetic resonance imaging), EEG (electroencephalogram) and CT (computerized tomography) - to determine whether or not the baby is suffering from spastic dysplasia.
Can spastic dysplasia be treated?
There is no cure for this cerebral palsy. But it is possible to resort to several therapeutic forms to improve the symptoms and to ensure a normal life of the child.
- physical therapy to make muscle movements easier and to improve walking quality;
- medication - Botox - is used to reduce muscle spasticity - if it does not work it is resorted to surgery;
- wheelchair or other technological devices, to facilitate transport, etc.
Taguri Babies born prematurely Birth complications